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Jan 20, 2022, 4:21 pm

Benfield Industries, Inc. Superfund National Priorities List (NPL) Site

EPA Identifier: NCD981026479
CERCLIS ID: NCD981026479
Location:
35.477781, -83.004169

Address:
RICHLAND ST.
Hazelwood, NC

Final Date: 19891004


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Programs: {CERCLIS}
Program Interests:
SUPERFUND NPL

Site Summary:
Federal Register Notice:  October 04, 1989

Conditions at proposal (June 24, 1988): Benfield Industries, Inc., started mixing and packaging bulk chemicals on a 3.5-acre site in Hazelwood, Haywood County, North Carolina, in 1976. The company listed a wide range of organic and inorganic chemicals for sale. In 1982, a fire destroyed most of the plant; except for minor mixing operations and cleanup of debris from the fire, operations ceased. In 1986, Benfield removed other debris and usable chemicals from the site in preparation for selling the land. Prior to 1976, Unagusta Furniture Co. manufactured mattresses and produced lumber on the site.

In September 1985, the North Carolina Division of Health Services (NCDHS) inspected the site. Analyses by NCDHS indicated high concentrations of polycyclic hydrocarbons, including biphenyl, carbazole, diphenylene oxide, fluoranthene, fluorene, and pyrene, in soil on the western portion of the site and in other places on the site.

The site lies in the floodplain of Richland Creek adjacent to Browning Branch. Local surface water is used for recreational activities. The site is underlain by approximately 60 feet of alluvial deposits and saprolite, which are highly permeable. These conditions facilitate the movement of contaminants into ground water. An estimated 1,800 people obtain drinking water from wells and springs within 3 miles of the site.

The site is unfenced, making it possible for people and animals to come into direct contact with hazardous substances.

The facility is being proposed for the NPL because it is classified as a "protective-filer" under Subtitle C of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act and so may not be subject to Subtitle C corrective action authorities.

Status (October 4, 1989): EPA is considering various alternatives for the site.

Institutional Controls:
Media Where IC Applies
(Multiple entries where more than one pathway is impacted)
Restriction Type Instrument
expand Soil
Prohibit Disturbance of Soil
PERPETUAL LAND USE RESTRICTION – PAGE A-5: The Site may be maintained as open space. "Open space" for purposes of this restriction means an undeveloped, natural area where the sole human use shall be non-dermal recreational activities such as biking, running, hunting, fishing, and bird watching. The real property shall not be developed or utilized for residential purposes, although this property can be developed either for commercial or industrial purposes. The Site may be used for any above-ground construction or other improvements (including, but not limited to, utilities, roads, and sidewalks). No alteration, disturbance, or removal of the existing soil, landscape and contours shall occur other than erosion control measures approved by NCDENR. except that additional construction backfill maybe brought to the site without a restriction to fill height. If any Site activities require excavating more than a foot below the existing surface, approval from the Superfund Section of NCDENR shall be obtained. No on-site activities shall occur that will result in exposing the people to either contaminants in the soil or the ground water. Any surface or underground water located at the Site within the open space area shall nol. be used for swimming or as a source of potable water. The Site shall not be used for mining, extraction of coal, oil, gas or any other minerals or non-mineral substances. Mowing of vegetation and tree cutting is allowed on the Site.
 
Please Click Here to View Document
Document Issuance, Implementation  March 19, 2002  [8 pages, 1,554.7Kb   ]
 
Soil
Prohibit Excavation
PERPETUAL LAND USE RESTRICTION – PAGE A-5: The Site may be maintained as open space. "Open space" for purposes of this restriction means an undeveloped, natural area where the sole human use shall be non-dermal recreational activities such as biking, running, hunting, fishing, and bird watching. The real property shall not be developed or utilized for residential purposes, although this property can be developed either for commercial or industrial purposes. The Site may be used for any above-ground construction or other improvements (including, but not limited to, utilities, roads, and sidewalks). No alteration, disturbance, or removal of the existing soil, landscape and contours shall occur other than erosion control measures approved by NCDENR. except that additional construction backfill maybe brought to the site without a restriction to fill height. If any Site activities require excavating more than a foot below the existing surface, approval from the Superfund Section of NCDENR shall be obtained. No on-site activities shall occur that will result in exposing the people to either contaminants in the soil or the ground water. Any surface or underground water located at the Site within the open space area shall nol. be used for swimming or as a source of potable water. The Site shall not be used for mining, extraction of coal, oil, gas or any other minerals or non-mineral substances. Mowing of vegetation and tree cutting is allowed on the Site.
 
Please Click Here to View Document
Document Issuance, Implementation  March 19, 2002  [8 pages, 1,554.7Kb   ]
 
Ground Water
Limit Ground Water Use Activities
PERPETUAL LAND USE RESTRICTION – PAGE A-5: The Site may be maintained as open space. "Open space" for purposes of this restriction means an undeveloped, natural area where the sole human use shall be non-dermal recreational activities such as biking, running, hunting, fishing, and bird watching. The real property shall not be developed or utilized for residential purposes, although this property can be developed either for commercial or industrial purposes. The Site may be used for any above-ground construction or other improvements (including, but not limited to, utilities, roads, and sidewalks). No alteration, disturbance, or removal of the existing soil, landscape and contours shall occur other than erosion control measures approved by NCDENR. except that additional construction backfill maybe brought to the site without a restriction to fill height. If any Site activities require excavating more than a foot below the existing surface, approval from the Superfund Section of NCDENR shall be obtained. No on-site activities shall occur that will result in exposing the people to either contaminants in the soil or the ground water. Any surface or underground water located at the Site within the open space area shall nol. be used for swimming or as a source of potable water. The Site shall not be used for mining, extraction of coal, oil, gas or any other minerals or non-mineral substances. Mowing of vegetation and tree cutting is allowed on the Site.
 
Please Click Here to View Document
Document Issuance, Implementation  March 19, 2002  [8 pages, 1,554.7Kb   ]
 
Ground Water
Prohibit Ground Water Well Installation/Construction
PERPETUAL LAND USE RESTRICTION – PAGE A-5: The Site may be maintained as open space. "Open space" for purposes of this restriction means an undeveloped, natural area where the sole human use shall be non-dermal recreational activities such as biking, running, hunting, fishing, and bird watching. The real property shall not be developed or utilized for residential purposes, although this property can be developed either for commercial or industrial purposes. The Site may be used for any above-ground construction or other improvements (including, but not limited to, utilities, roads, and sidewalks). No alteration, disturbance, or removal of the existing soil, landscape and contours shall occur other than erosion control measures approved by NCDENR. except that additional construction backfill maybe brought to the site without a restriction to fill height. If any Site activities require excavating more than a foot below the existing surface, approval from the Superfund Section of NCDENR shall be obtained. No on-site activities shall occur that will result in exposing the people to either contaminants in the soil or the ground water. Any surface or underground water located at the Site within the open space area shall nol. be used for swimming or as a source of potable water. The Site shall not be used for mining, extraction of coal, oil, gas or any other minerals or non-mineral substances. Mowing of vegetation and tree cutting is allowed on the Site.
 
Please Click Here to View Document
Document Issuance, Implementation  March 19, 2002  [8 pages, 1,554.7Kb   ]